You may have seen impressive photos of purple weed plants or even encountered some purple, gold, black or orange coloured bud yourself in your time as a cannabis user. But do these fascinating colour varieties lead to higher potency or more beneficial effects when it comes to smoking and ingesting cannabis for medicinal or recreational use? Why is some weed purple or other colours and what kind of purple weed effects are there if any? Lets take a look at some of the facts and myths about purple weed.
Purple cannabis refers generally to any strain or variety of weed that has a unique and uncommon colour variation present. Most commonly cannabis buds and flowers appear in a wide variety of the light and dark green colour that we all know and love so much. But every now and then you might find yourself with a plant or a sack of buds with a unique and unexpected colour variation. These can be deep and complex dark purples, deep blacks, golden flecks or even red or orange colorations.
The reason for this variation in colour is the presence of anthocyanins in the cannabis plant. Anthocyanins are a water soluble pigment which can be found in many varieties of plant and the cannabis plant is no exception. It’s presence in the plant produces the dramatic purple weed leaf and buds. Depending on the PH level this pigment will express itself in the cannabis plant in a variety of colours from red to complex purples, deep blues, even dark black or light flecks of gold.
Anthocyanins is one of many different flavonoids that are present in the cannabis plant regardless of it’s final colouration. The interaction of the anthocyanins with other flavonoids present in the particular purple cannabis strain will produce this seemingly impossible range of colourations.
Purple weed plants and buds are certainly very pretty and unique to look at but what about purple weed effects?
It has long been an urban legend in the cannabis community that the unique appearance of some strains was due to their special effects or higher potency but as more and more studies are being done on the actual facts about cannabis products this myth is being debunked and dispelled.
Furthermore cannabis that does not contain a noteworthy amount of anthocyanins cannot be induced into taking on a purple or other colouration as it is simply not genetically predisposed to do so. Put simply a strain of cannabis must be susceptible to the effects of the anthocyanins and other flavonoids interacting to produce the change in pigment and strains not prone to this already cannot be forced into producing different colour variations.
When we are seeing purple marijuana or some other variable shade other than the green most cannabis is known for there is a scientific reason to explain it. Much as the leaves turn colour before they fall from the trees each year the flavonoids in cannabis are also reacting to cold weather most often which results in a change in pigment. This colour change is usually the result of the plant attempting to achieve some purpose or another and not just a random or unexplained result.
This is typically because the plant is stressed and is attempting to conserve energy to achieve a goal before wilting in the cold. Most often the plant is trying to maximize its likelihood of pollinating or flowering against the odds of unsuitable weather conditions.
Purple weed plants are very dramatic looking and have been sought after by growers both professional and amateur in the past because of the distinct appearance they can provide. However simply subjecting your cannabis to grow under cold weather conditions will not prompt just any variety of cannabis to take on a purple colour - the strain must be predisposed to do so by having a lot of the necessary anthocyanins. A strain which does not have these essential flavonoids will never produce purple cannabis.
Without this genetic predisposition the plant cannot be induced into producing purple or other varieties of unique colourations and as a result purple and unusually coloured cannabis began to have a whole bunch of myths and rumours rise up around it. In the old days before people understood much about cannabis terpenes or THC content or the benefits of CBD people often prized purple marijuana and other strangely coloured strains of cannabis believing them to be more potent or to produce a more interesting or more specialized range of effects.
Despite all the rumours and myths that swirl around the sacred and special purple weed leaf purple cannabis does not boast any special extra potency or additional special effects when compared to regular coloured cannabis. In fact the real truth of the matter is that purple marijuana is actually more likely to have a lower THC content than cannabis that has not been grown in a cold climate and had the purple weed leaf and bud colours set in.
Apart from the visual appeal of having some unique looking buds it turns out there really isn’t much benefit to having purple marijuana. The presence of extra anthocyanins would suggest that there may be some extra benefit provided but for the most part the only possible upside of having more of those in your bud would be an increase in an antioxidant effect - but only if you are eating it, not smoking it.
Another benefit of consuming anthocyanins is their anti-inflammatory effect but once again you would need to eat the cannabis buds rather than smoke them to enjoy the added benefits which we don’t generally recommend. Cannabis already has plenty of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects naturally so the addition of slightly more (which can only be accessed by eating rather than smoking) seems like no real benefit at all when it comes down to brass tacks.
In fact seeking out a strain with a higher than average CBD count would go much further for you in regards to maximizing the medicinal benefits of cannabis and no pretty purple bud will ever be able to match the potency or effectiveness of cannabis which has been specifically cultivated to enhance its medicinal effects.
The reason that purple buds became so popular and even notorious in cannabis circles - especially before more was understood about the whole science behind the varied and beneficial effects of the substance - is quite simple. When you have a bag of purple buds that hit hard and smoke well you tend to remember them simply because they were unique. If you grow cannabis and find a strain genetically predisposed to producing purple buds which still packs a high THC count you are likely to grow and propagate it as much as you can. It’s just good branding!
But generally your green buds will always be better than anything you can find with a unique colouration. This is simply because any energy the plant has to use to produce this colour effect is at the detriment of its ability to grow and produce high quality buds. The energy spent on the colour change comes at a cost to overall potency and effectiveness.
It was long believed in many cannabis circles around the world - primarily among those who don’t grow much of their own - that cannabis growers were somehow manipulating their harvest somehow to produce unique colourations and pigments. It turns out for the most part that is just not true and purple colourations are actually the results of predisposed genetics.
From changes in nutrients, light levels and delivery methods, flash freezing, variations in air quality and even outright manipulation of the plant itself - the rumours about food colouring come to mind - all of these myths have been debunked by professional growers the world over who point to the scientific evidence that only genetically predisposed varieties of cannabis will produce coloured varieties.
It’s not wrong to believe that the visual appeal of the buds can also enhance the overall smoking experience but the true facts as they are seem to indicate that coloured buds are simply nothing special when it comes to potency or unique effects. When it comes to tracking those aspects of the cannabis plant we can rely on what the science has already taught us to be true. That is the various strains of cannabis all have their own effects profiles, flavour profiles and particular benefits falling into either the indica or sativa category. Anyone who tries to sell you cannabis based on its colouration and boasting that it has some sort of special effect or potency is not selling an honest product.
If you’re looking to buy some high quality craft grown Canadian cannabis there is no better source for you to turn to then Haute Health. No matter your budget we have a fantastic selection of great cannabis products ideal for you! Currently in store we’re featuring Banana OG, Skywalker OG, Presidential OG strains and also some top notch Death Star OG shatter.
There are no shortage of different strains of cannabis out there and they all typically have some fairly creative and colourful names. Through the years cannabis has been dubbed under such well known titles as Pineapple Express, White Widow, Bruce Banner, Green Crack… There is no shortage of fun and creatively named strains available. But the kinds of weed we are talking about on the blog today are known by two other less friendly names and there are several reasons why you should avoid them at all costs!
Today we are talking about Reggie weed and Grit weed - two terms which are not meant to be endearing that people use to refer to types of cannabis that should be avoided at all costs. If you end up with a bag of Reggie weed or Grit weed the best option is always just to toss it away and get something better from a trusted provider.
Reggie weed or dirt weed (also known as reggie marijuana) is any sub par strain of cannabis that looks, smokes and effects the body and mind in terrible ways. Seasoned smokers will avoid it at all costs. Usually this stuff only finds its way into the hands of beginners who do not have a lot of experience buying or smoking weed and therefore do not know what positive qualities they should be looking for.
So what is reggie weed and how can you tell if you’ve bought some? A bag of reggie marijuana will appear dry and unappealing with dark green or even brown buds that are dry or old looking. Beware of the possibility of mold as well as other unwanted additives that may have been used in the growing process and therefore resulted in the gross bag of reggie weed.
Most weed that looks and smokes this way is typically grown outdoors with little or no care or cultivation. For this reason it will not be pleasant to smoke and the effects it provides will not be satisfying or enjoyable. The bag is most likely to have a lot of seeds and stems and unsmokable bits. After your first bag of weed of this kind it becomes very clear why you should want to always avoid it in the future at all costs. If someone tries to sell you weed that looks this way you will always be better off passing no matter how good of a deal they are offering you.
The smell of the weed when you light it to smoke it will also be a dead giveaway if you somehow manage to miss all of the other obvious visual clues that your weed is not good. When you smoke poorly cultivated dry weed it typically has a very overpowering skunky haylike smell and taste that is hard to mistake. It would take an act of will to continue smoking it and even if you do manage to finish a bowl or a joint of it the effects are not likely to the powerful or enjoyable.
Grit weed (sometimes also spelled Gritt weed) is a whole other level of bad weed. This stuff is extremely uncommon so much so that most people in North America consider it strictly an urban legend. In other parts of the world however that may not be the case and we think it is best to have knowledge on your side no matter where you are in the world!
What is grit weed? Gritt weed is not only poorly grown or cured cannabis but cannabis that has had unnatural additives added to it with the intention of increasing its weight or making it appear as though it has more sparkling crystal trichomes than it really does. This is any kind of marijuana that has been contaminated by extra additives that should never have been included in the first place.
At one point in time not too long ago in the United Kingdom grit weed became a major problem, so much so that people advised others to brush their cannabis buds up against a piece of glass before smoking them to be sure they were not coated in silica. If the bud scratched the glass you would know that it was flakes of shattered glass coating your cannabis nugs and not THC crystals. Any buds that did this would have to be tossed away - it just isn’t worth the risk to your lungs!
Other things dishonest people have coated weed nugs in to make them look like they are a higher quality that are a little less dangerous include sugar and sand. If you suspect your cannabis is coated with something other than THC crystal you can try to brush it against glass or also try to chew a small piece of nug. If it is gritty like there are small bits of sand or sweet with sugar then unfortunately it is likely a bag of gritt weed.
But how can you easily tell good weed from bad weed?
When it comes to comparing good weed vs bad weed one of the most obvious and immediate signifiers of the quality of your cannabis is the way that it looks. What does good weed look like? Good looking weed should be a bright and vibrant green with additional orange, red or purple colorations on the fine hairs or crystals, Furthermore it should be properly cured which means it will still look vibrant and healthy but also be dry enough to grind, burn and smoke without losing all of the sticky moist softness within.
What does bad weed look like? If your buds are very dark or even brown and dry to the point of dusty you probably have a bag of bad weed on hand. Not only will the taste, potency and burn be unpleasant for anyone who happens to smoke it there is a chance the cannabis could also have harmful molds or pesticides present which could cause undue harm to your health and wellness – exactly the opposite of the desired intent many people turn to cannabis for in the first place!
Be careful with any cannabis you suspect may have been kept in storage too long. If there is any indication of mold or spoilage (mold appears on the nugs as a white powdery mildew or as a coating of fuzzy white nastiness) of any kind toss out your baggie and get some more. The risk to your health is simply not worth the underwhelming experience smoking cannabis in this state is certain to provide you with let alone the potential for negative impacts to your health and wellness. Always avoid moldy weed at all costs!
Even if you’ve never smoke cannabis before chances are good that you will recognize the unmistakable skunk-like aroma of a fresh and extremely potent bag of AAAA top shelf cannabis. The smell should be rich, earthy and unmistakably dank. It is true that nothing on earth smells like a bag of fine high quality marijuana and if you smoke and enjoy it it won’t take long at all for you to recognize and come to love the aroma as a sign of quality.
A big difference between good and bad weed is the smell and apart from the look it is one of the most obvious methods you can use to be certain your product is quality. If you take a big whiff of your cannabis and it smells like anything other than a variety of that fresh and unmistakable weed smell then avoid smoking it at all costs. Toss it away and get a better sack, especially if it smells like dried hay. Even if you have a bag of otherwise good looking weed but the smell is off somehow and doesn’t seem fresh or right the best policy would be to avoid smoking it altogether and get something quality that you can be certain isn’t spoiled in any way.
Remember: if it smells dank put it in the tank. If it smells like hay, throw that shit away.
This method is a little more nuanced and definitely more for the advanced smoker but once you grow accustomed to the flavour of clean burning fresh and properly cured cannabis it becomes unmistakable. If you have good looking weed but something just doesn’t taste right when you finally light it up and inhale there is a chance there might be something wrong with it. It is possible the cannabis has mold you didn’t detect when you first inspected it or perhaps a pesticide or other additive chemical has been added to the product when it was grown or treated. Either way the taste of good weed vs bad will seem subtle at first but after a little more experience with smoking cannabis you will be able to tell immediately after the first puff if your bag is dank or dusted.
If the flavour is any way off from what was advertised and especially if it tastes like hay, chemicals or something other than weed entirely avoid smoking it at all costs. Toss it out and get yourself a bag of dank nugs from Haute Health instead!
Another way to tell the difference between good and bad weed is to note the crystal content on the buds. Good, potent cannabis will be densely layered with THC crystals or trichomes. The bigger and brighter the crystal content the stronger and more satisfying your cannabis is likely to be. If someone tells you they have a bag of strong loud and you have a chance to examine it for yourself chances are good they have been misinformed if there are no visible crystals to be seen anywhere on the bud. The more it sparkles the more magical and potent the high you can expect the plant to provide!
Good bud will have a small amount of visible crystal content so don’t be too discouraged if your nugs are not shining and sparkling like gemstones – as long as there are some visible trichomes the weed should be good enough to smoke and enjoy. But be certain to avoid anything that doesn’t have any crystal content at all. If you get your hands on some AAAA top shelf craft grown cannabis you can usually tell immediately by the overwhelming amount of trichome crystals sometimes appearing in a variety of sizes and hues finely coating the cannabis flowers.
Apart from the smell, feel, taste, crystals and colour of your bud another surefire way to tell if you’ve been sold some beautiful dank nugs or a bag of disappointing reggie scrap schwag is to observe the quality of the trim. Your nugs should be big and full and dense with very little stem, leaf, seed or shake content. If you see seeds, sticks, untrimmed leaves, shake or big heavy stems in your bag this is an immediate and obvious indication that the weed is less than quality. Not only is it likely to be underweight due to the extra unwanted material in the bag it also likely won’t provide any potent or desirable effects, especially when compared against some properly cured and groomed beautiful nugs.
Seeds are another clear and obvious indication that the cannabis you have purchased is not top quality. There should be no seeds of any kind in your bag of cannabis so if you see them at all you will know the bud was not properly tended to before it found its way into your possession. Your bag of dank sunshine should be full of fat, healthy looking, dry but not dried out, vibrantly coloured and delightfully smelling nugs. Anything less than that means you have a less than top quality product on hand.
If you want to buy some of the best and most beautiful craft grown top shelf cannabis you can find in the online Canadian marketplace today you’ll want to shop with Haute Health on your side! Not only do we publish these new and informative articles each week to help to educate and inform the larger Canadian cannabis community we also strive to sell only the finest cannabis products available to our wonderful customers all over the country!
Whether you are looking for great prices on strains like Banana OG, Skywalker OG, Presidential OG or some fantastic Death Star OG shatter we have it all with fantastic prices and daily specials that cannot be beat! Stock up on some high quality cannabis products today!
Many people make a very common misstep in the beginning stages of preparation when they are attempting to make edibles or tinctures at home with dried cannabis flowers. It’s very easy to forget the essential step of decarboxylation of cannabis when you are getting set to bake or prepare your medicinal or recreational cannabis treats and medicines. By foregoing this essential part of the process many of the beneficial aspects of cannabis are lost in the baking or blending of the product.
But what exactly is decarboxylation and how does it work? If you’ve ever wanted to learn how to decarb weed on your own at home we’ve provided all the necessary information here to get you started so you can prepare cannabis edibles and tinctures for medicinal and recreational use with the highest possible beneficial and medicinal value, preserving potency and lessening the impact cannabis is known to have on the flavour of the end product.
Ordinarily decarboxylation is a process that happens over a long period of time as cannabis is cured before it is ready to be trimmed and sold. This process turns the THCA found naturally occurring in the cannabis flowers into the psychoactive compound THC. Typically the curing process combined with heating or burning the material for smoking takes care of this conversion for us but when you plan to cook with weed there are some crucial steps to take to ensure that your goodies are as potent as possible and your weed doesn’t go to waste!
The typical cooking process does not provide enough heat for decarbing weed which means you will end up consuming cannabis which is still full of THCA instead of the compound THC. This is why the essential first step when you want to make your own tinctures or edibles is to be certain that you are always decarbing weed properly that you plan to use in this manner.
But don’t stress yourself too much over it. What sounds like an intimidating and technical process is actually just a very simple additional step to your recipe and is very easy to do with tools you certainly should already have available to you in your home.
When cannabis is smoked or vaporized the heat of this process will decarboxylate weed before it enters your lungs and bloodstream converting it THC from the non-psychoactive compound THCA. Without this essential step smoking weed would actually not affect the human body and mind with the same potency and level of intoxicating effects. In short decarboxylated cannabis is a required aspect of the process of getting properly high.
When you decarboxylate weed you force the same transformation to occur without combusting the plant matter and destroying it in the process leaving behind cannabis plant matter that is perfectly primed for use in baking or tincture making. Heat also isn’t the only way to get decarboxylated weed. If you happen to have a bag of old chronic laying around the house chances are extremely good that the decarboxylation of the cannabis has already naturally occurred. If you have a freshly bought sack however fret not as the process for decarbing weed is overall a simple one.
It may seem counterintuitive to cook your weed twice - once before you use it in your recipe and then again when you actually prepare your edible treats - as you would think adding heat to the cannabis would cook off the potency and cause the substance to be weaker however it is the exact opposite that is true. Without the crucial step of decarboxylation cannabis actually loses or rather fails to activate a vast majority of the potent medicinal THC trapped within it as THCA.
So you want to know how to decarboxylate cannabis? We’d have to assume so if you’ve made it this far! Let’s first refer to a few handy decarb weed charts which can help clear up some of the simple instructions.
As you can see by this first decarb weed chart different temperatures and durations are required to properly produce decarboxylated weed.
In this second decarb weed chart you can see the temperatures, times and different ways to decarboxylate cannabis expressed in another manner. Let’s go into deeper details now about the various methods of how to decarboxylate cannabis.
When you are first learning how to decarb weed an important first step is to prepare your cannabis for the process. You don’t want to just throw all of your bud on a baking sheet or into a mason jar as it is and hope for the best. Using one of the following methods will make certain that your decarboxylated cannabis receives an even treatment no matter which method you use and produces the highest potency level possible.
The first option is to simply pick your weed apart into smaller pieces that are all roughly the same size, say no larger than a dime. This can take some time and we suggest wearing a pair of disposable gloves to ensure your hands are not covered in residue by the end. The “rub” you develop on the gloves can also be recovered and utilized if you are a stoner who is a little more frugal and thrifty than your average.
Otherwise you can simply grind the material using a conventional weed grinder or even a coffee grinder or food processor. This is likely the best possible option as it produces a near powder version of the product that is certain to decarb weed evenly no matter what method you decide to utilize.
There is a subtle downside to using a grinder or food processor however as it is much easier to lose some of the product the finer ground it becomes. Whether it gets stuck in the grinder or the container you used for decarbing or you simply spill it by mistake when handling or transferring it. The extra concern here is completely up to user discretion and comfort and you will ultimately find a method that works best for you that you find comfortable with a little bravery and experimentation.
There’s nothing fun, exciting or particularly groundbreaking about the natural method but it certainly does work. If you are the patient sort and plan on making edibles some vague date in the future but not anytime immediately soon this method will suit your needs just fine. Time turns THCA into THC just as certain as heat does, it just takes an awful lot more of it!
If you are a person with a large quantity of cannabis on hand at all times this method may also suit your personal style. For the rest of us though it certainly is not the most convenient option available. That said there is no better method as far as smell is concerned - cannabis stored away for an extended period stinks up the apartment a whole lot less than popping some in the oven for an hour to slowly decarb!
Another advantage here is that all you really need is a supply of cannabis and some time. There are no other essential steps or ingredients required!
Overwhelmingly this is the most common method used by marijuana growers and distributors or cannabis enthusiasts to make edibles as all the necessary tools are already sitting waiting for you in your kitchen! All you need is a baking sheet, foil or parchment paper (never wax paper!) an oven and the willpower to make your home stink like cannabis for an afternoon. Unfortunately there really isn’t any method to avoid the overpowering smell produced by this decarb method so if you live in a close knit apartment building with a Karen living down the hall this may not be your best option.
Once the cannabis has changed color and your apartment reeks to high heaven of baked pot you will be all set to use the decarbed weed in your next edible recipe!
Another similar method you can use is to put your ground or broken up cannabis into an oven bag, also known as a turkey bag. This makes it much easier to collect after it is finished decarbing and has the added benefit of making your home stink a little bit less, however it certainly doesn’t eliminate the smell entirely. When the process is finished the bag will not be hot as it doesn’t conduct heat so it is easy to grab, handle and empty.
The only real downside to this method is the fact that you likely will need to make a special trip to the store to get yourself a turkey bag unless it happens to be around thanksgiving time or you happen to use them already on a regular basis. A minor inconvenience for a surefire method which cuts down on the pungent smell by about half that occurs when the cannabis is being decarbed.
You may have a few of these classic and handy glass jars in your pantry at home and if so then this is a great option for you. Otherwise mason jars are easy to find and shouldn’t pose too much of a problem if you would like to use this method and don’t already own them. Mason jars can be vacuum sealed and are a great option for decarboxylation as they keep the smell inside for the most part during the process. This is probably your best bet if you live in an apartment setting and have nosey concerned neighbours who are likely to complain about an overpowering smell of cannabis emanating from your home.
Now that you are armed with several methods of how to decarb weed you can grab a fresh sack, decarb it and bake yourself or your friends and loved ones some yummy and powerfully potent THC treats! Or you can skip all the work if you like and buy some cannabis concentrates, weed candy, thc capsules, cbd capsules, pre-rolled cannabis or enjoy some of our special $15 shatter!
Changes in the laws to recreational and medical cannabis use In Canada have changed the rules when it comes to cultivating and enjoying your own crop of homegrown weed too. Unfortunately the rules vary from province to province and in some cases even town to town as places around the country are slow to catch up to the advance of progress.
The war on drugs zero tolerance approach to intoxicants that dominated public consciousness in the 80s & 90s has left a permanent stain on the idea of cannabis in the minds of many people. There are still a lot of over-concerned nosy neighbours, bossy know-it-all Karen’s and even uninformed officers out there who may find reason to harass a private citizen based on the suspicion that they are growing unauthorized cannabis plants on their property.
Many are the tales of innocent folks getting an unexpected visit from an RCMP officer because a neighbor or friend mistook a plant on their property or in their home for a cannabis plant and decided they had to report it. This might seem absurd to those of us familiar with cannabis and the new rules and regulations in Canada but it does happen a lot more often than you might think!
Information and education are always our best tools in the battle against general ignorance and misunderstanding so let's shed some light on some of the common plants found in many people’s gardens and homes that are frequently mistaken for cannabis plants by people who don’t know enough about the subject or about minding their own beeswax!
Even though in most places in Canada it is now legal to grow up to 4 or 5 personal cannabis plants on your property many municipalities have added stipulations to the law requiring the plants to be out of view of the public. This leaves many people who live in apartments or without a private space on their property out in the cold when it comes to growing their own bud. And worse still this means even if you aren’t growing cannabis you might still be subject to a report and inspection because of someone mistaking one of these common plants for a marijuana look alike.
To illustrate this point let’s consider a recent online scandal that occurred when Ferrari made posters to advertise the Canadian Grand Prix in Montreal. It was right on the edge of widespread national recreational legalization and either by sly intention or innocent mistake the design for the poster features many Japanese Maple leaves. The Japanese Maple leaf bears a striking similarity to the cannabis leaf so much so that people were sure that Ferrari has either used the wrong maple leaf by mistake or that they were knowingly winking to the cannabis community that legalization was coming. Make of that what you will!
Japanese Maple is just one of many common leaves and plants that look like marijuana but have no psychoactive properties of their own and are not controlled substances. Despite the innocent nature of both the cannabis plant and these non psychoactive natural substances many people with less information than they need and more time on their hands than they should have could still try to make an issue of it if they were to encounter one on your property or in your home.
To understand all the differences between plants that look like weed and actual varieties of the cannabis plant you should first be able to properly identify actual cannabis. So what does a marijuana plant look like? There are two distinct types of cannabis plant under which all other varieties of the plant fall known as the female and male versions. Male cannabis plants are tall and bare with typically sparser amounts of the trademark green leaves and none of the big flower buds that cannabis lovers all adore. Female varieties of the cannabis plant are the ones that produce the smokable buds and are much more dense with many more of these trademark leaves surrounding clusters of pungent cannabis flower when the plant is mature.
When a cannabis seed is first planted unless you are certain of the gender beforehand there is no way of knowing which of the two your plant will be until after six weeks of growth have passed. At this point the plant transitions from what is known as the vegetative state into the flowering stage and small pre-flowers develop which reveal the gender of the plant. If they are male tiny round bulbs or balls will appear and if they are female the plant will develop longer pistils coated in tiny white hairs.
As only the female variety of the cannabis plant produces the bud that we all love to smoke so much growers tend to only desire female plants. When buying seeds more often than not you will only find pre-sexed female seeds but this is something to be wary of when you are shopping for potential seeds or plants to start your own little cannabis garden!
But what about if you just have an ordinary garden and you don’t want to worry about a case of a marijuana look alike plant potentially causing you some trouble - or perhaps you just want some similar plants to keep your cannabis plants hidden from some nosy neighbours - what plants that look like cannabis should you know about? Now that you have the answer to “what does a pot plant look like?” let's take a look at some of the potential imposter plants.
We already touched on the leaves of the Japanese Maple tree and their incredible similarity to the cannabis leaf but several other types of plant vaguely resemble cannabis plants just enough to spark the curiosity or displeasure of the wrong person and invite unwanted trouble into your life. The Coral Plant is a close second when it comes to imitating cannabis leaves but it is rare to see in gardens here as it is a tropical plant found primarily in Mexico and South America.
Okra is more and more common in kitchens and gardens these days however and the leaves of the plant do bear a very vague resemblance to a cannabis leaf which could give someone the wrong impression. It even flowers with buds that could easily be mistaken for cannabis by someone who only knows enough to look for these two elements but not the way they should actually appear.
Cranberry Hibiscus is an unlikely contender to be honestly mistaken for cannabis as it is entirely the wrong colour and doesn’t flower with bud but if I’ve learned anything in life it is that people will always surprise you with new and fascinating ways to not understand simple things. The shape of the leaf is undeniably similar to the cannabis leaf and it is entirely possible it could be mistaken for it in low or dark light.
Cassava is a different kind of medicinal plant that is grown for its roots. One of the more helpful plants that look like weed but it is non psychoactive and the roots are actually highly poisonous until they are properly treated. Sweetfern is an invasive weed and as far as plants that look like marijuana goes it is a bit of a stretch but anything is possible with a green leafy plant that has even the slightest resemblance to cannabis plants.
Cleome, Texas Star Hibiscus and Kenaf are three more green leafy plants that resemble weed at least a little bit and you might want to avoid them if you would rather avoid all of the possible potential complications.
If all of this seems a little silly and over the top to you consider the fact that people have reported having police show up at their homes even going so far as to engage in searching the premises all based on the fact that a neighbour or relative tipped off law enforcement to the fact that they suspected that cannabis was being grown on the property illegally.
Even though many places in Canada are currently allowing citizens to grow and enjoy their own cannabis plants on their own property this privilege has not been extended to absolutely everyone. Many restrictions are in place from one province or town to another limiting how many plants can be grown and where they can be grown - most often restricting them from view from the public.
This means anyone without their own private space in their yard hidden from the view of their neighbours living in one of these places - which when you consider it includes quite a large group of people like those living in apartments or shared accommodation or temporary settings - remain unable to enjoy the newfound freedom more affluent Canadians are able to. Furthermore anyone with a cannabis plant or any of these plants on visible display is at risk of having someone report them and could find themselves dealing with a surprise visit from the RCMP!
No green thumb? No worries. Here at Haute Health we don’t just write fun articles like this one, we also sell the finest high quality AAAA Canadian craft grown cannabis money can buy. Some great featured strains of the moment include a selection of awesome “OG” varieties! Banana OG, Skywalker OG, Deathstar OG and Presidential OG are all available now, get yours before they are gone!
When people refer to cannabis chances are pretty good that what they are actually talking about are the dense and fun crystal loaded nugs or flowers that people are most familiar with when they enjoy smoking weed. Not only do these wonderful weed plant buds provide a great head and body buzz when properly grown and cured but they get all of the publicity buzz as well when it comes to the cannabis plant. But did you know there is a whole lot more to the cannabis plant than just these fun crystal covered nuggets?
The unique properties of the seeds, leaves, stems, stalks and roots all have their own unique properties and purposes as well and are also well worth learning about. Join us as we take a deep dive into the wide variety of uses and purposes the other parts of this wonderful plant have to boast about! Let’s learn about botanical synergy.
The cannabis plant grows in a wide variety of conditions and locations all around the world but is best cultivated by caring and attentive professionals in a well controlled environment. The uses for this plant are many and varied and widely celebrated by those who love and care for them even if the dense weed plant buds most of us are familiar with seem to get all the credit for the popularity of cannabis in the public eye.
Some exciting and incredible applications for the parts of the cannabis plant that are lesser known include use in rope, biofuel, paper production and of course the widely known and celebrated medical and recreational effects it can provide. Let’s look at each part of the plant and all of the myriad uses fans of cannabis should know about and celebrate!
One of the principal differences between male and female marijuana plants are the dense and trichome covered flowers or nugs of the female marijuana plant. These are the star of the show and the primary reason most growers first choose to tend and care for their plants. This frosty trichome coating is typically the benchmark by which a plant is deemed as a bountiful and worthwhile strain to cultivate. When users smoke cannabis or process it into medicine the famous buds and nugs coated in trichomes are the part of the plant that they use.
Most studies on the use and effects of cannabinoids - which are found in the trichomes of the cannabis flower along with most of the also much lauded cannabis terpenes - are focused on these fun dank buds that we all know and love. The sticky resin produced by these trichomes is also used hash, kief and other forms of cannabis concentrates that you are likely already familiar with.
The main part of the flower at the end of the female weed plant stem is called the cola and is composed of many small floral clusters. Generally the bigger and denser these top flowers are and the more coated in trichomes the more desirable a plant will be to a cannabis grower and user however some cultivators do intentionally breed and grow cannabis plants with a more loose and airy structure as well.
Typically the difference when it comes to dense buds vs airy buds is purely cosmetic when it comes to growing at home or for a hobby. Industrial growers will always do their best to maximize their yields and attempt to produce the densest buds possible as these will have higher market value for the end consumer. When growing at home for personal use however the difference between dense buds vs airy buds is less important as the light, fluffy and more spaced out buds on the cannabis plant will still produce the desired effects when consumed.
To avoid loose and airy weed buds on your plants start with a highly regarded and well researched strain, ensure your plants are receiving enough light and nutrients and make sure your grow room temperature and ventilation are suitable. All of these factors can contribute to determining whether your plants will produce big clusters of dense and desirable trichome laden buds or the more loose and airy - though still perfectly useful - lighter version.
The most readily identifiable part of the cannabis plant even to the layperson or casual observer is most likely the iconic shaped cannabis leaves which can be found surrounding the delightful weed bud on the plant. These iconic leaves are the most obvious indicator when learning how to identify a hemp plant. The purpose of these wonderful leaves is to protect the plant from pests and the elements. Although most of the leaves found on the plant have the same iconic shape there are a variety of types which serve specialized functions for the weed plant flowers.
The sugar leaves grow closest to the flowers of the cannabis plant and contain more crystal trichomes than the fan leaves but still not nearly enough to compare to the weed plant buds. Excess sugar leaves that are trimmed away during the care and manicuring of the plant during its growth period are often also used in the production of edibles or cannabis tinctures - waste not want not after all!
Cannabis leaves are also known to contain canniprene which could be used in medicines and teas as an anti-inflammatory.
The small leaves that surround the reproductive cells of the female weed plant are named bracts. When pollen from a male marijuana plant is introduced to the seed pod on the female weed plant the bracts surround and shield it to help ensure the reproductive process.
The large leaves that protrude along the length of the plant are known as fan leaves. These leaves are an essential component in the natural process of photosynthesis that which keeps the plant alive, healthy and thriving but they are always removed completely from the harvested and cured finished product.
Did you know that the seeds of the cannabis plant are highly nutritious? It’s true! In fact cannabis seeds have been consumed in China as a nutritionally complete food source for over 3000 years! Not only do they also boast strong anti-inflammatory properties but they contain high levels of protein and essential amino acids and are rich in essential fatty acids.
These seeds are easy to identify by their outer hull and inner heart. Both the hull and the heart inside are rich with useful and health boosting properties with many ongoing studies boasting uses as antioxidants and as a potential fighter of the big C: Cancer. The seeds are also widely used as animal feed in some places.
The place on the cannabis plant where the stem and the leaves meet is known as the node. This is an important part of the plant to be able to identify as a cannabis cultivator as this is where the plant will tell you the difference between male and female marijauna plants. If a cannabis plant is male you will find pollen sacs at the node but if your cannabis plants are female - the only type of cannabis that produces the desirable weed bud on the plant - you will find pistils. Pistils are the reproductive organs of a female cannabis plant and they are composed of an ovule with two stigmas protruding from it. Stigmas are identifiable as fine hairs that extend to the bract of the plant and are produced to catch and trap the pollen necessary for cannabis plant reproduction.
The roots of the cannabis plant have been used medicinally throughout history but despite this fact they are possibly one of the least studied aspects of this wonderful plant. That is slowly starting to change however as more and more study is devoted around the world to the medicinal potential of cannabis and the drive to utilize every portion of the plant effectively takes a stronger hold in the industry.
The roots of the cannabis plant have been used for centuries in medicines to alleviate the symptoms of fever, inflammation, burns, tumors, infection, and gastrointestinal issues and more uses are certain to be discovered as research into the cannabis plant continues.
Though the roots do not contain any of the beneficial cannabinoids they are rich in other useful compounds like friedelin and epifriedelanol. The full benefits of these compounds are still under study but there are indications that they may possess anti-aging properties as well. The proper method for use, extraction and production of the roots of the plant - for example the source of the roots must be under careful consideration as it is possible for them to absorb unwanted heavy metals and other compounds from the soil.
Although the stalks are typically discarded entirely by most cannabis growers they also have their own potential uses that deserve study and production. Hemp stalks are widely known to be used as a fantastic source of material for fabrics, clothing and paper! It’s no wonder the cannabis plant has been hailed for centuries as a miracle plant! In fact the stalks of this plant are so sturdy they can be used to produce alternatives to cement, fiberglass and insulation for housing projects too!
The stalks of the cannabis plant are naturally insect repellent making it ideal for producing garden mulch as well. Also unlike many of the products we rely on for some of the above mentioned purposes cannabis stalks are naturally biodegradable! Some farmers have also discovered that the stalks can be used to make animal bedding and a less dusty version of straw making it easier to keep animal areas clean and the livestock healthy and thriving free of harmful dusts.
The earliest point in the life cycle of the plant when the sex of the cannabis plant becomes apparent is at six weeks of growth. As discussed earlier the best way to tell them apart is to observe the nodes of the plant where the leaves and the branches meet the stem.
At these nodes on the male cannabis plant you will find large clusters of oblong shaped sacs called pollen sacs. A female weed plant will produce pistils which appear as thin hairs that eventually develop into structures called ovules and stigmas.
It is extremely important for any cannabis cultivator to be able to identify these important elements of the cannabis plant as the difference between male and female marijuana plants determines which plant will produce the dense and trichome rich buds that most growers and users of cannabis most desire. Male cannabis plants do not produce weed plant flowers and are therefore less desirable overall especially for the casual or hobby grower.
Unless you are intentionally attempting to induce pollination to reproduce cannabis plants naturally it is very important to keep male plants away from female plants to avoid unintentional reproduction.
Now that you have an overview of all the different parts of a cannabis plant and their uses go forth and spread the word! Many people - even those who regularly enjoy the effects of weed plant flowers - are simply unaware of the wide range of uses this wonderful plant can provide for the world!
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Haute is your one-top-shop for all your cannabis needs. Whether you are looking for the best and most potent bud or want to score some top grade edibles, Haute is the best spot to buy weed online in Canada. Haute cannabis edibles online are the highest potency and most affordable online, along with their cannabis concentrates and keif online, you can buy hash online as well. Every day Haute offers different weed deals online with rock bottom prices and top quality strains. Not sure what a top quality strain is, head over to our Weed Grading System to educate yourself on the best products for your needs.
Now that cannabis has been legal for almost two years many Canadians are starting to look at the prospect of growing their own cannabis strains. Just like building a computer or fixing a car, there is no better feeling then creating something that you started from scratch. In addition to growing the exact strain you want and the pride that comes with it, you also save a lot of money and have enough stock to last for the foreseeable future. So now you’re looking to start your first grow but don’t know where to start, the first question you need to ask yourself when you start your grow is Hydroponics VS Soil cannabis. Each offers its own unique way of harvesting cannabis and much much you can yield, here we’ll dig deep into which grow method best suits your cannabis needs.
Before we get down to the nitty gritty of hydroponic vs soil let’s look at the upside and downside of both growing methods to help clear the mud and guide you towards a more suitable growing option. When you decide you want to grow your own plant the thought of harvesting large quantities of bud is one of the first motivations, and with those government prices we don’t blame you! When you grow outdoors using organic soil medium the yields tend to grow much higher then those of an indoor hydroponic cannabis grow. When growing outside you have no limits on how high you plant can grow, using soil the anatomy of the plant such as the roots and branches can grow free with no limitations. If grown correctly, many outdoor grows using organics can grow up to 2 meters in height and can bud up to 500 grams of quality cannabis flower.
However, when you are growing with hydroponics cannabis you are always growing marijuana indoors which naturally limits the size you can grow your plants, this results in smaller grow yields due to the roots being limited. For what you lose in size when growing marijuana indoors however you gain in quality when using hydroponics as it is much easier to influence and control growing cannabis indoors then it is outdoors. When you grow marijuana indoors you can precisely give the plant everything it needs from nutrients to perfect lighting to controlling the temperature and humidity down to the exact degree. When growing organic cannabis outside you lose an element of control , the environment can fluctuate on a regular basis making growing organic cannabis unpredictable. Outdoor elements such as temperature change, wind speeds, humidity and both animals and insects can provide limitations on how you grow your crop. Using soil also comes with another obstacle, when using soil, organic matter and bacteria come into play and they can be very unpredictable, even worse is that you cannot predict if that organic matter or bacteria are harmful to the plant until the plant begins to show physical signs. Nutrient Deficiency is another factor in the growing of cannabis.
All in all, deciding between hydroponic vs soil weed it really comes down to your situation, whether you have access to the outdoors, the space you have ect. For first time growers it is recommended that you take the ourdoor soil approach, it is less complicated and requires far less equipment and grower knowledge.
When it comes down to it, the level of quality from hydroponic cannabis has become superior to growing organic cannabis, various outdoors strains are of course an exception, but overall most of the best marijuana nowadays is grown indoors. That however doesn’t make growing marijuana indoors the one and only way. Growing outdoors is hands down the best way to yield a sizable crop, especially the yield per plant. It all comes down to the space, from gardens to full fields, if your plants have the space they can grow anywhere from 8-15 feet which means each plant can produce up to 5-10 pounds of flower. However due to the high volume of plants and the time is takes to irrigate, purine, training and trellising the quality of the harvest can suffer if the proper amount of time and man hours aren’t properly allocated. This is what makes hydroponic vs soil weed different hydroponics cannabis used automated hydroponic systems are used when yielding crops indoors.
When using such systems growers have the ability to accommodate upwards a couple thousand smaller plants in a commercial garden setup. Hydroponic yields are the optical option for a screen of green (scrOG) setup which is where the plants are packed extremely close together and grown directly through a screen trellis. These screen trellis are rolled over the garden of plants during the vegetative stage and are horizontal consisting of string netting in 4-inch squares. By growing smaller plants indoors growers try to boost their yields but cannot compared to the yield one gets from growing outdoors. That being said the quality of herb makes up for the lack of yield when growing indoors, this is largely due to the indoor growers having full control of the plants environments which the outdoors plants don’t. This allows them to maximize the potential of each strain they grow. Outdoor growers have control over certain aspects such as watering and nutrient feeding, indoor growers can control everything from irrigation and nutrient programs, to garden temperature, humidity, co2 saturation, light cycles and pest and disease controls. This is what allows for indoor growers to obtain the optimal potency and quality when yielding their crops.
The debate over hydroponic vs soil cannabis has actually become quite watered down over the years, this is largely due to the fact that the use of actual earth topsoil is no longer used indoors anymore. Topsoil is however still commonly used outdoors but even that is changing with the introduction of composted mediums that have less topsoil replaced with decomposing organic material, helping enhance a fuller and nutrient rich medium. Using compost helps growers accelerate things such as rot and the breaking down of organic matter, altering the chemical properties of the soil, the mineral content and the aeration and moisture retention within the medium. Compost is a great option as a slow release fertilizer, providing mineral elements to the medium during the plant’s life.
When choosing the best soil for your outdoor setup there are multiple factors to take in as not all soils are appropriate for growing cannabis. Factors such as the specific type of cannabis you're growing, the location you are growing in such as your backyard or the wild and the climate you are dealing with. Here we'll look at the common occurrences you want when picking the right soil for your grow.
When growing cannabis it prefers a light and loose soil texture that isn't restrictive. This allows for the roots to move freely during its developments allowing for oxygen to reach the roots more freely and increasing the optimization of the plants growth and overall health.
Like most things in the world, retaining water is a game changer, and soil for your cannabis is no different. When watering your plants you want to make sure that the water pools on the top of the soil. If the soil isn't providing the right drainage it will result in your plant getting sick with the potential of dying.
No different then good drainage, water retention is vital in the survival of your plant. The ability to retain and hold water gives your plant an adequate life source, a good cannabis soil will have both good drainage and water retention.
pH is what determines how acidic or how alkaline is in your plant. Cannabis plants flourish in a specific pH level and going over or under can be problematic. The average range you want your pH level at is about 5.8-6.3 with the optimal level being 6.0 pH.
One of the key elements of your cannabis plants growing big and strong comes down to adequate nutrients, feeding your cannot be understated. When buying soil, almost every bag will feature its own amount of nutrients, however there is a catch. Most nutrients in soil only last to a maximum of 3-4 weeks, this means when the flower process begins, your soil will just be a pile of dirt and your plant will be completely depleted of nutrients. It's important to know this as you will need to add your own nutrients to the plant to help make sure it continues to grow properly. When you add your own nutrients you should ensure your soil contains organic substances like compost, worm castings, guano and humus. These organic substances will be turned into nutrients that your plant can access on demand by microorganisms.
Most store-bought potting soil will be designed for optimal growing, but if you are growing organically it can be different. When using natural organic soil it can come in a variety of different ways such as sandy, silty, loamy and clay. Sandy soil is more coarse and is good for water drainage, but isn't great at absorbing water. Silty is of a medium coarse type and has an abundance of minerals and organic particles, it retains water well and is a great organic soil choice. Loamy is a combination of all 4 soils with additional organic compounds, offering great water retention, drainage, nutrients and oxygen, but is the most expensive of the choices. Lastly clay, to be expected this is a heavy and not very easy soil to work out, it has high levels of nutrients and minerals, but has poor drainage and is hard to work with.
When working with natural soil you will need to add your own nutrients on a regular basis, as the natural soils are not perfect for growing cannabis during the beginning stages. There are however options to improve the soil to help create a better growing process. First is coco coir which is a coco fibre that is made from coconut husks, these fibres help improve both water retention and lightening heavier compact soils. Second is perlite which is the most common of the soil amendments, perlite contains light white rocks that vastly improves both drainage and airiness of the soil, along with improving the water retention. Third is vermiculte which is commonly used to help make the soil lighter but more importantly it is great at helping the soil retain water. Lastly is worm castings, these castings contain a lot of useful microorganisms that contribute to a successful grow, improving texture, drainage and the water retention of the soil.
Indoor grows take a different approach, using amended soilless mediums. Similar to traditional soil, these soilless mixes act almost the exact same but they are substrates known as coco, peat or sphagnum which contain amendments like perlite, wood chips and vermiculite. When growing with a soilless medium such as coco, peat and sphagnum you can treat your plants almost the same way as in regular soil, with the biggest difference being all the nutrients are fed through the water. This results in the plants growing a lot quicker due to the roots being fed directly, opposed to outdoor grows where the roots have to go looking for nutrition. It is also less likely you will run into common outdoor grow problems such as over watering or bugs.
Soilless mixes are not right for every hydroponic system, here we’ve put together a list of hydroponic systems and how they grow their plants.
Aeroponics uses what is known as a grow chamber, where the roots become suspended in the air with no medium inside the closed loop system they use. Water that is packed with nutrients is used on the plants as they are suspended, this oxygen-rich environment allows the plants to digest and absorb the nutrients.
This method uses what is known as bubblers which is a bucket or nutrients. The plants hang over the plants as the roots grow into the nutrients below. The bubblers mix contains air using a aquarium pump which helps speed up grow times. The purpose of this grow method is that the fertilizer enriched mixture is amazing for the plants and works wonders for the grow.
Each plant in a drip irrigation has its own chamber, the nutrients are feed by a dripper and the solution is recycled. In each chamber the nutrients are fed into the medium by a small dripper.
This method is a nutrient solution being pumped onto a try which then forms a shallow and slow moving film targeting the plant’s roots. The roots then grow into a solution, which creates a large root mat in the tray. This gives the roots 24 access to water, nutrients and oxygen, speeding up the development and producing maximum yields.
Replaces soil with rockwool a medium that helps produce large yields. Stimulating a natural cycle of rain, producing a natural like environment for the grow.
To summarize it all up, when choosing hydroponic VS soil cannabis it all comes down to the yield you are looking for. Indoor does offer the best bang for your buck, if grown properly it can produce a superior quality cannabis that outdoor cant and the grow times are usually faster. Indoor also has the advantage of a more direct approach due to the hydro and mediums that are used. Roots prioritize intake by oxygen, nutrients and water, roots breathe in oxygen below the surface and the rest of the plant above the surface breathes in CO2. Hydroponics mediums are less dense and more airy which helps gets oxygen to the roots faster, results in a quicker grow time. Ourdoor might not be as superior as indoor grows but they can offer higher yields.
Hydroponics is described as the process of growing plants or crops in water without the use of soil, while organic farming involves choosing not to use inorganic fertilizers in the growing process. ... It has been proven that vitamin content is 50% more in hydroponically grown plants as compared to conventional one
In fact, grown under the same conditions, a hydroponic plant can grow up to 30-50% faster than a soil plant. Because your plants grow faster, you can also identify issues earlier on, meaning that these issues can be tended to or repair themselves faster as well.
A hydroponic system can grow plants and vegetables faster and year-round. Plants grown this way usually yield more, require less space, and conserve soil and water. ... Three systems are suitable for beginners: the wick system, the water culture system, and the ebb and flow system.
Growing a successful crop takes hard work and dedication, but when you suspect your cannabis plants have a nutrient deficiency it means a mistake was made during the process. There is no real trick to yielding a strong crop, provide the right amount of light, the best climate, adequate water and the right level of nutrients and you should avoid any chance of a cannabis nutrient deficiency. Yet for many who grow their own plants, cannabis nutrient deficiency can be a common problem. Here we’ll look into cannabis nutrient deficiencies and how to cure those deficiencies.
When you start to notice your plants aren’t looking the way you’d like them to look it’s most likely that your marijuana has a nutrient deficiency. Marijuana nutrient deficiencies can be a challenge due to the fact that it can be hard to find what specific nutrient is missing. Many cannabis nutrient deficiencies will appear the same to an inexperienced grower which is why sometimes it’s best to try and flush out the soil with water before trying anything else. This is largely due to the fact that another nutrient which could be higher then it’s supposed to is blocking another nutrients from doing its job properly. For example if your plant has too much potassium it can prevent the plant from getting the right amount of iron. By flushing the soil, you can then test the pH level then add specifically what you think your plant is missing.
When trying to diagnose a weed nutrient deficiency you should know the different classifications of nutrients. Nutrients in cannabis plants are known as mobile or immobile, all depending if they can be moved from one place to another. A mobile nutrient shows deficiency at the base of the plant in older leaves, where an immobile nutrient will show signs of deficiency in the newly grown leaves at the top or the outer branches. Understanding which nutrients are mobile and which are immobile can help with the diagnoses for a cannabis nutrient deficiency.
So, how can you tell if your weed has a nutrient deficiency? One of the first symptoms you’ll notice if you have weed nutrient deficiencies will be the pH of the water and soil around and within the plant. When a plant absorbs nutrients it can only do so through its roots if the growth medium of hydroponic solution is at the right pH level. The pH scale is how growers can measure both the acidity and alkalinity of the soil and water around the plants. When gauging the appropriate amount of pH for your plant it should be ranged on a scale of 1-14, with 7 being the optimal number for neutral pH levels. On the scale, 1 is when your plant is extremely acidic where as 14 indicates the most basic level of alkaline. It’s important for the pH levels to be at a suitable level or damage will occur and the health of the plant will deteriorate.
This is a fairly straightforward process, all you need to do is either make the plant more alkaline or more acidic, depending where the pH level is sitting. Using a pH meter or testing strips from your local gardening store will help you keep your pH level regulated and will let you know if you are underfeeding or overfeeding your plants. Making sure the pH level is around 7 will make your plant absorb nutrients the fastest way possible. The easiest way to provide your plants with the right nutrients is through foliage feeding which is another term for making a tea and spraying the leaves of the plant.
There are many nutrients a cannabis plant needs to develop and grow into an acceptable crop, but if you think you are experiencing a nutrient deficiency problem, there are specific nutrients which you will want to investigate first. These nutrients provide a core that will help a plant grown and achieve a solid harvest, so it’s best to examine these nutrients first when dealing with possible weed nutrient deficiencies.
When dealing with weed nutrient deficiencies, nitrogen levels should be one of the first places you look. Nitrogen is an essential nutrient when it comes to plant growth and is heavily relied on when growing cannabis. Due to cannabis’s heavy use of nitrogen it is easy for your plant to develop a nitrogen deficiency and is why it is the most common marijuana nutrient deficiency. Nitrogen is very important during the life cycle of a cannabis plant and is vital during the vegetative growth. Nitrogen is used to help with such things as photosynthesis or the production of amino acids and chlorophyll.
When your plant has a lack of nitrogen the results will appear in the older leaves, the biggest indicator will be if the leaves begin to turn yellow and if unchecked they will wither and die. The yellowing won’t appear at the top of the plant but will appear towards the bottom, eventually spreading up throughout the leaves as time goes on. The flowering phase is when you could see the signs of nitrogen deficiency, during the flowering stage the plant requires an abundance of nitrogen which will be used up quickly during this phase. Without green leaves the plant cannot catch as much sun and produce energy so that it can continue to grow in a positive state, if the leaves remain yellow then the plant won’t have enough energy to grow and prosper. Plants can also have too much nitrogen, known as nitrogen toxicity. Indications of nitrogen toxicity are the curling of leaves, leaf stems becoming brittle, leaves turning dark green and flowering slowing down all together. Usually when nitrogen toxicity is the culprit, there is too much nitrogen in the plant which is being caused by a pH level issue, this is usually due to a pH imbalance rather then providing the plant with too much nitrogen.
When dealing with a marijuana nutrient deficiency such as the incorrect level of nitrogen it’s important to quickly find a solution because your plant needs nitrogen to survive. Certain supplies that can be found at your local gardening store can be used to help increase nitrogen levels:
It’s also important to make sure you are using the correct fertilizer that contains appropriate ratios of macronutrients, such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. As we stated before, during the vegetative stage of growth, plants require extra nitrogen, so don’t forget this during the growing process. If you do notice your leaves are turning yellow, just let them fall off, if you have replenished the nitrogen levels then new leaves will begin to grown back. When adding to the plant to help with the nitrogen levels make sure you are testing the pH level, as it could increase or decrease when you are treating the nutrient deficiency.
When dealing with a marijuana nutrient deficiency make sure your plant has an adequate amount of phosphorus, it is equally as important as nitrogen levels. It can be argued that phosphorus is the most important of the macronutrients during the flowering process, this is due to the fact that a lack of phosphorus during the flowering phase can limit the overall yield. Phosphorus is primarily responsible for your plant growing strong roots and increasing the strength of both stems and leaves. Having plenty of phosphorus is recommended as it is a necessity for your plants to go big and strong.
Symptoms of marijuana nutrient deficiencies usually show when the plant slows in growth and starts to look weak, this is especially true when your plant is not getting enough phosphorus. When plants are lacking in phosphorus the first stages of deficiency you’ll notice are darkening foliage and a slowing down of the plants growth. As the phosphorus deficiency continues other signs will begin to appear, the edge of the leaves will begin to lose their bright colours and start to curl in. When looking for a possible phosphorus cannabis nutrient deficiencies keep any eye out during the coldest days your plant is experiencing, during this period is when cannabis plants will struggle to absorb phosphorus from its soil. You will also notice it if you’re your soil is too wet or is rich in alkaline (pH levels).
When dealing with a weed nutrient deficiency of phosphorus it will usually always be during the colder temperatures. To help deal with the your weed nutrient deficiency it’s recommended that you buy both fertilizer and plant food which contains a higher level of phosphorus compared to what you had used before. Make sure the NPK ratio found on the package exceeds 5, this will directly help with your low phosphorus levels. There are also fertilizers that are specifically for the flowering stage which is when you will need the most phosphorus for your marijuana nutrient deficiency the most. It’s recommended that you use water soluble fertilizers as they are of the highest efficiency and simple to use. You can also use all purpose plant food like Miracle-gro, but make sure you only use half the recommended amount, if you use too much it could kill your plants. Last but not least you can use bone meal, worm castings, bat guano, crab shell and crab meal to help increase phosphorus levels. These are common solutions with growers as they have special abilities dealing with phosphorus deficiencies.
Another indicator of marijuana nutrient deficiencies is the common lack of potassium. Potassium is less required then other macronutrients when dealing with marijuana nutrient deficiency, the lack of nutrients usually comes from the fact that most fertilizers have a low ratio of potassium compared to phosphorus and nitrogen. Potassium like the other two main nutrients is vitally important to growing a successful yield, potassium’s main responsibility is water respiration, resistance of diseases, photosynthesis production and conversion processes and water circulation.
Potassium weed nutrient deficiencies can be a little more difficult to identify compared to phosphorus and nitrogen, some plants will continue to grow and will remain vibrant and strong but it’s the lower foliage you need to keep an eye on. One of the first indicators is when the leaves begin to turn brown or die, which will begin to slow the growth and development of the plant. When potassium is lacking the tell all will be in the leaves, they will begin to grow slowly and the tips might look burnt, existing leaves might start to look mottled and yellow, specifically between the veins. Like nitrogen and phosphorus, a lack of potassium can be very harmful on the flowering phase, leading to a bad final crop. Potassium is vital for transferring water and nutrients throughout the plant, so a weed nutrient deficiency of potassium can be very harmful for the health of the entire plant, not just one area.
Treating a marijuana nutrient deficiency for potassium is a relatively easy fix, marijuana plants absorb potassium with ease and at a fast pace. You can either add a fertilizer that contains more potassium or you can adjust your current fertilizer by adding a water-soluble potassium additive.
The macronutrients we listed above are most likely going to be the issues for a cannabis nutrient deficiency, but there are some more rare deficiencies that can occur that could effect your plants as well.
Sulphur is key in the organoleptic profile of flowers and is important to the chlorophyll production. Sulphur helps a plant produce and regulate its hormones and vitamins. When a plant is lacking in sulphur the plant growth can be delayed, leaves can start to distort before wilting and falling off. This can be solved using Epsom salts or a fertilizer that is rich in sulphur. If you have too much sulphur your leaves will turn dark green, this is rarely seen however as cannabis plants are very capable of managing too much sulphur.
Calcium helps with root development and helps with the nutritional balance which gives the plant control over certain nutritional excesses. When your plant has too little calcium the growth of the plant will be delayed around the roots. Leaves will begin to develop irregular margins and the tips will begin to curl. Lack of calcium can be easy to tackle with a calcium rich fertilizer. When you have too much calcium it can block the absorption of other elements such as potassium, magnesium and iron. To help with this just clean the roots thoroughly and feed the plant small amounts of a fertilizer containing all the micro and macronutrients necessary for proper plant development.
Magnesium is critical for chlorophyll production as well as photosynthesis. When you have a magnesium deficiency it is similar to having a lack of nitrogen, leaves begin to yellow and become distorted from the base to the tip. All you need to do is apply a fertilizer rich in magnesium and adjust the pH accordingly. When you have too much magnesium it can effect how the plant absorbs calcium, flush the substrate thoroughly and then use a fertilizer that contains the necessary nutrients.
Dealing with cannabis nutrient deficiencies can be a trial and error process. You will know if you have solved your cannabis nutrient deficiencies when the yellowing and discoloration stops almost immediately. Some leaves might recover, so don’t get rid of any discolored leaves until you know exactly that the issue has been dealt with, if the problem hasn’t been dealt with then those leaves will continue to be effected and the issue is less likely to spread. Once you are fully confident you have dealt with the weed nutrient deficiencies then you can prune the damaged leaves lightly, so you don’t stress the plant anymore then it has been. Always pay close attention to your plants so you can identify any marijuana nutrient deficiencies as quickly as possible. Once you have dealt with the nutrient deficiencies give your plant a few days to recover before doing anything else. If you want to try and avoid cannabis nutrient deficiencies all together, make sure your seeds are very high quality as plants that posse strong genetics are less likely to having nutrient deficiencies.
When you think about a cannabis plant you usually only focus on the big bright buds ready to be smoked, but there is so much more to the cannabis plant that deserves our attention. So many different parts of the cannabis plant works tirelessly to create the desired end product. Each part of the plant plays a cohesive role in the success of budding strong robust buds, ensuring the proper affects, flavors, aromas and ascetics are all in place before harvesting. Here we’ll take a look at the complete anatomy of a marijuana plant and how the buds we so desire start from a budding seed and transform into a ecosystem of life and nurture.
Marijuana plants are no different then all the mammals out there in the world, they can either be male or female, but unlike the animal kingdom where male and female are equal, cannabis plants are a different story. When it comes to the world of botanical plants the male plants usually offer substantially less then the female plants, so maybe it is similar to the animal kingdom… That being said, male plants do have an important role to play, without them the female plants would not be able to become pollinated and would be forever lonely, this makes male plants an important factor in the breeding process of plants, specifically marijuana plants. When marijuana plants are chosen for breeding, making sure you choose a strong male plant is imperative, the genes within that male plant will be transferred over to the newly bred plants and make up half of the new plants DNA, so choosing the right male plant will make sure their kids have strong genes going forward and is a pivotal step in the marijuana plant stages. When a strong male plant is chosen for crossbreeding their attributes will follow into the breeding cycle, offering things such as strong overall health, mold and pest resistance and a strong growth rate. Male plants may not influence the most important part of the cannabis plant like the potency and flavor of the buds, however they are a great option for auto-flowering strains, influencing growth patterns which allows the flowers to preserve such potency and flavor from the mothers buds.
The female plants are where the money is made so to speak, female plants are what produce the mightily important live resin covered flowers that become trimmed and crafted into vibrant buds. The female plants are pollinated by the male plants which begins the seed production, with the smokable buds coming from the seedless female plants known as sinsemilla.
This is where the cultivation of cannabis gets it life, once that Marijuana seed is planted into soil the cannabis plant anatomy begins, like the big bang for cannabis plants! Health seeds look well rounded with a pointed end and a flat end and are rigid and have a tough outer case to protect the inner embryo. Seeds vary in size depending on their genetics, some can be extremely small to sight and weight while others appear larger and heavier. Within the seed there is an embryo of the plant, which is what gives the plant its life and remains still until the process of growing weed begins to take place such as proper watering and temperature settings. Within the seed there are other important elements of the plant, you have the root also known as the radicle and the cotyledons which are the fat round leaves containing the food reserves for the seed and its early development. Last but not least is the apical tip which is located between the seeds two cotyledons, this tip is what you first see when the plant begins to grow and continues to grow once the plant become germinated. The beginning stages of grown a seed properly are vital to the cannabis plant anatomy and set the tone for the growth of the rest of the marijuana plant stages.
Like any plant in the world the cannabis plant has a system of roots that are vital to it thriving and surviving and are important to the cannabis growth stages. When cannabis seeds becomes germinated the tap root is the first root to emerge from the seed, the tap root instantly begins to grow in a downward motion looking for key aspects of sustaining life such as moisture and nutrition, while also colonizing the substrate. When looking at the complete root system of the cannabis plant it provides various purposes to allow the plant to prosper and contribute to the marijuana anatomy. First the roots are used to help anchor the plant within the substrate, also known as the area where the plant lives, grows and obtains its nourishment. Second the roots are the main source in making sure the plant obtains the right amount of water and nutrients, the roots are always in search of water and moisture, not stopping until it is found. When the roots find too much water it has no purpose to grow so neither will the plant. Third the roots act as a storage unit for things like sugars and starches which are produced by photosynthesis, aka the light.
The cannabis plant contains three main roots that contribute massively to the health and well being of the plant and the cannabis growth stages, each one of these roots offers the plant a variety of different aspects that help turn the plant into a budding beauty. First is the tap root which is the main root within the root system, this root grows underneath the soil which moves vertically downwards creating branches as it grows and expands. When these branches begin to grow there is a second type of root known as the fibrous roots, which branches off from the tap root, it also begins to grow a network of roots underneath the soil which is a similar size to the upper part of the plant. Third is the adventitious roots, known for being thick, this root is what makes it possible for the grower to reproduce plants by cutting portions of it off and cloning them. The root system of a cannabis plant requires a fine balance of moisture and air to grow properly and be healthy, if applied correctly the roots should look thick, bright white roots with a solid amount of hairs when you transplant.
When the seed begins to sprout the tap root system is the first system to begin to grow which then begins to grow the fibrous root system, it’s important to know that cloned plants do not posses a tap root system. Instead they begin with the adventitious root which develops the fibrous root system.
The root crown is the part of that plant where the roots and stems join together, this important are of the plant in the marijuana plant stages is the divide between upward and downward growth. The root crown plays a an important roll in the area where the vascular system switches from roots to stem and where the majority of cell division takes place within the plant.
The stem is literally the backbone of the cannabis plant and the cannabis plant anatomy, it is what keeps the plant upright and supports it’s weight throughout its transformation. Inside the stem is a vascular system which carries moisture and nutrients between the roots and the leaves, almost like a highway full of delivery trucks. The moisture and nutrients are carried by the xylem cells where the sugar and starches which are produced by light are transported by the phloem cells. On the stem there is a division of nodes, this is where the side branches begin to grow. During this process seedlings will grow positive sets of nodes and leaves, especially during the beginning stages of the growth, as the plant matures the nodes will grow alternately indicating the plant is ready to flower. Nodes are the primary area where the flowers begin to sprout, which makes it the perfect area to determine if the plant is male or female if grown from a regular seed. Nodes also contain the most hormones and is where the most growth happens on the plant. When cutting for a clone growers always make sure there is at least one node for those reasons.
The cannabis leaf is a symbolic image synonymous with cannabis all around the world. Laves on a cannabis plant can contain anywhere up to 3-13 veined serrated leaflets. Leaves look different for each type of strain being grown, Indica leaves have wide and shorter leaflets and are a darker green, but less leaves overall. Sativas have longer leaves and are typically a lighter shade of green. The function of leaves it to capture sunlight and help cool down the plant, the darker upper side of the leaf helps produce energy by capturing sunlight while the other side helps regular temperature through its pores which consume CO2 required for absorbing photosynthesis and releasing water and oxygen. The stomata which regulates temperatures opens and closes during the day and night to keep a balance of moisture, helping regulate when most needed during the day and contributing to the marijuana plant anatomy.
As we touched on earlier in the article the cannabis plant is a dioecious, which means the male and female versions of the plant have different reproductive organs and play different roles in the marijuana anatomy. Male plants aren’t commonly grown unless you are breeding plants, female plants however are what produce the desired flower buds. When identifying between a male and female flower, the male flower resembles green looking balls on sticks, with five pedals. They are long in size and once they release their pollen they soon die. Female flowers however contain tight clusters of what’s known as bracts, which looks like a small teardrop shaped petal. These petals contain ovaries and pistil which is what catches the pollen from the male plants, once this happens the pollen is transported through the pollen tube to the ovary which then forms the seed, the seeds become mature usually 4-6 weeks after this process takes place. These seeds are then used to start the cannabis growth stages which ultimately produce the end produce of cannabis buds.
Last but certainly not least are the trichomes, cannabis plants produce a high level of trichomes which is believed to help protect the plant and flowers from things such as UV light, insects, animals and hot temperatures. There are two types of trichomes found on the cannabis plant, the glandular and non glandular trichomes. Non glandular trichomes contain no trichome head or gland and are grown on stems, leaves and petioles. Glandular trichomes are more complex and are broken down into three main types, bulbous which is the smallest and has the least amount, capitate-sessile which are larger and grow lower and close to the leaf surface and lastly the capitate-stalked which is the largest of the glandular terpenes and have the highest concentration on the cannabis flower and produce the strongest cannabinoid content. During the marijuana plant anatomy the trichomes begin once the plant starts its bloom phase, when the flowers start to produce the trichomes move from the outer surface and transport things called vacuoles and plastides from within their stalk directly into the gland head. The cells then in the gland head metabolize and create percurors which then eventually transform in cannabinoids. When it comes to how much trichomes a cannabis plant produces, you have to factor in both genetics and environmental factors. Things such as UV light can have a strong influence on the cannabinoid and terpene synthesis within the tirchome head.
We hope this gave you a better understanding of the cannabis growth stages and the marijuana anatomy. If you're looking for cannabis that comes from well taken care of cannabis plants and where the marijuana anatomy is taken very serious we recommend trying Haute.Health. If you're looking to buy weed online and the best weed deals in Canada, Haute.Health can meet all your cannabis needs.
So, you’ve decided to start the exciting journey of growing your own cannabis and are wondering what your best options are for cannabis seeds. The options of cannabis seeds seem endless, with more choices then ever to choose from. As you search through the pages of online seed catalogs you have most likely seen companies offering different types of strains that are classified as autoflowering seeds and now you find yourself at Haute Health asking what are autoflowering seeds?
I mean why wouldn’t you take interest, autoflowering has come along way, offering a variety of strains in CBD, high in THC and often a mixture of both, they are also offering various autoflowering strains with extremely diverse and appealing terpene profiles. As autoflowering becomes increasingly popular it’s important to understand what you get from growing cannabis with autoflowering seeds and if best suits your specific growing needs. Here we’ll look at the upside and downside of autoflowering weed and if it’s something you should consider for your next grow adventure.
It's all in the name when trying to figure out what makes autoflowering different then other forms of planting cannabis. Quite simply, when growing an autoflower strain, the flower automatically grows on it's own with far less assistance then other planting methods. Traditional grow cycles require two main phases, first is the vegetative phase and second is the flowering phase. Most of the cannabis you smoke comes from what's known as the photoperiod cannabis, which specifically requires a shift in its light cycle to activate flowering, the final state of a grow cycle. Autoflower cannabis does not require this important process, autoflower cannabis relies solely on a certain amount of time rather then external cues such as light timing.
Autoflower strains were creased by marijuana breeders combining indica or cannabis sativa then incorporating the generics from cannabis ruderails. The difference between cannabis ruderails vs indica and sativa is that it does not rely on photoperiods to flower. Photoperiods are the changes in the ratio of light and dark periods the cannabis plant uses to flower properly, when growing cannabis ruderails strains photoperiods are no longer required. Cannabis ruderails is what allows certain strains to autoflower and when crossed with either indica or sativa it releases the autoflowering characteristics, acquiring the both of best worlds. The lack of desired light comes down to the fact that cannabis ruderalis subspecies comes from cold and harsh environments such as Central Asia, Eastern Europe and Russia, where the plant had to grow during a shorter grow season and in colder temperatures, making it less dependent on light and it's various cycles to produce flower.
Majority of strains rely heavily on the process of photoperiod to produce the flower. Photoperiod cannabis plants do not transition into the flowering phase until they are exposed to a particular light to dark ratio, triggered often with a cycle of 12 hours of light and 12 hours of dark. This is why most traditional strains naturally produce flower during the end of summer into fall to mirror the changing season and shortening of days.
Autoflowering cannabis strains however start their flowering cycle at around week 4, regardless of the light and dark schedule. This is due to the fact that autoflowering plants don’t need specific light cycles, allowing growers to produce multiple plants at different stages without having to worry about their lighting needs. This makes growing autoflowering marijuana outside easier as well because you do not have to worry about the time of you year your need to plant or harvest your flower.
One of the main advantages of autoflowers is that they are ready to harvest sooner then photoperiod plants, which makes up for autoflowering plants having a lower yield. Both indoor and outdoor growers can take advantage of autoflowering strains producing at a faster rate by conducting multiple harvests and making up for smaller yields.
Typically is takes around 6-8 weeks to harvest from an autoflowering cannabis plant after they have begun to sprout. This is largely down to the fact that the vegetative state of autoflowering marijuana is much shorter then those of a photoperiod plant, usually lasting only a few weeks. A photoperiod plant averages anywhere from 3-4 months to be ready to harvest after it begins to sprout. This comes down to two factors, a photoperiods longer vegetative stage and the location it is grown in.
When it comes to the yield produced by autoflowering vs photoperiod, photoperiod commonly out produces any autoflowering strain. Autoflowering strains are naturally shorter and smaller in size and yield a maximum of around 4 ounces of cannabis flower per plant. In comparison, a properly taken care of outdoor photoperiod plant can yield upwards of 5 pounds worth of cannabis flower, however plants with that much yield need almost 24/7 attention. Although autoflowering marijuana may produce a low yield, autoflowering plants quick ability to grow allows for growers to produce multiple harvests in a grow season to make up for the lack of flower per plant.
One of the major disadvantages to autoflowering strains is the fact they cannot be cloned, this comes down autoflowers not having a long lifespan. When a photopeiod plant is used for cloning a grower takes a cutting from the plant and grows more plants from a single seed, but if you cut from an autoflowering plant with the hopes of cloning they are still on the same time clock as the original plant. This means that autoflowering clones will only live as long as the original plant, which isn’t long enough to produce it’s own yield. This leaves growers only the options of seeds when trying to grow autoflower strains.
There are a number of reasons to consider autoflowering plants and there a a number of reasons why it might not be your best growing option. First let’s start with the benefits of autoflowering before we dive into the disadvantages.
Autoflowering cannabis seeds is the speedy Gonsalves of cannabis growing, making it an appealing outlet for breeders and growers. From start to finish the growing cycle of an autoflowering plant takes around 7-10 weeks, which is the average time a photoperiod takes to flower alone. The mixing of cannabis ruderails with an indica or sativa creates both of best worlds, since ruderails don’t harvest cannabis flower on their own the mix of a sativa or indica breed helps produce the flower while the fast growing attribute of cannabis ruderails remains. For many who are impatient or have a strict time frame to grow under, autoflowering is a great option.
Another advantage growers enjoy from autoflowering cannabis seeds is that they are compact and reach heights of only 60-100 cm, allowing for growers to build up and tear down as quickly as possible. Autoflowering cannabis seeds are popular with those who grow in hidden locations such as balconies, gardens and any other public locations to keep their cultivation out of sight where it might be frowned upon.
When growing autoflower strains the lighting schedule typically falls in the range of 18 hours of light and 6 hours of no light during its entire life-cycle. This allows for sufficient lighting and both energy and cost saving abilities. This is one of the biggest if not the biggest advantage of autoflowering, there is no change in the light schedule to trigger the flowering stage, allowing for ultimate flexibility for growers. Making autoflowering more appealing to growing photoperiod strains which can take up to double the time to produce a yield.
Since all autoflowering plants contain cannabis ruderails, it makes autoflowering plants tough. Cannabis ruderails is a subspeceies that is found in the northern latitudes making it resilient to harsher climates and extreme weather. They have been known to be strong and have the ability to fend of themselves, fighting off things like infestations and yield-ruining mould. It also makes them great for novice growers as they are forgiving from beginner errors.
It is common for autoflowering strains to require less nutritious soil, this comes down to their small stature and speedy growth abilities. Autoflowers don’t require as much food compared to photoperiod plants which requires a rich and complex nutritional strategy that needs to be closely monitored throughout its life-cycle.
For all the great autoflowering has to offer, there are some drawbacks.
With its small size and short life cycle autoflowering results in smaller harvests, due to it’s smaller statue autoflowering plants cannot hold as many buds as a photoperiod plants, with yields totaling around 80-180 grams a plant. The short growing period also contributes to the low yield of flower , photoperiod plants have the time to grow big and tall for a longer duration which equals a larger grow yield.
For what you save in nutrients you lose in lighting costs. Though mant growers don't mind this obstacle with many treating their autoflowering plants to 24 hours of permanent light cycle. This will produce a lesser yield but it produces at the fastest rate possible. Compare that to photoperiod plants which require 12 hours of light and 12 hours of dark to trigger flowerings, growers needs to stick to a schedule, which will save them money and produce a larger yield.
Many growers are put off by growing autoflowers because they produce lower THC percentages when harvested, compared to photoperiod buds which can produce upwards of 30% THC for certain strains.
Since autoflowers grow as a faster pace, they speedy grow times can result in fatal errors. Due to their brevity, it leaves little to no time for them to recover from any major errors and can result in a non yielding crop. If you cut too deep or damage a large branch of bud site, there is next to no recovery for autoflowering plants. Whereas with photoperiod plants they can doing things such as prune, train and defoliate their plant until it's in the perfect condition. Any errors to a photoperiod plant can also be recovered with the right knowledge.
Cloning an autoflower is not worth the time, this is due to the clones being the exact same copy of of the mother plant, with the age of the clone remaining the same even after it has been cut from the autoflower plant.
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We’ve all been there, the first few times you go to buy cannabis you have no idea how much you should order. Cannabis is generally measured within the context of an once, which normally is a pretty low weight, so it’s not uncommon for a first buyer to ask “do you think couple ounces would be enough for just me?” It’s a common mistake, so don’t feel bad if you’ve made it. This is why we've created our weed measurements guide, to make you an expert cannabis buyer.
We’ve put together a weed measurements guide to help properly measure the exact amount of weed you’ll need, whether it’s your first time trying cannabis and you want to buy a single gram for yourself or you’re looking to split a few ounces with some buddies, we’ve got everything you need to know.
Before we dive into the specifics of our weed measurements guide we want to highlight how far cannabis measurements have come. There have been so many terms over the year for various different amounts of weed, here are some of our favorites.
Sack: Back in the day a 20-sack or 40-sack was how people would order their weed. The term comes from the size or amount of cash spent on the bag of weed you are buying, usually a 20-sack meant you wanted a gram of weed.
Zip: A zip is a less common term used today but is understood by most people who know the cannabis industry. A zip is in reference to the original Ziplok bags so commonly used to sell weed. An average Ziploc would be able to hold an entire ounce perfectly, which is where the term Zip comes from. Buying a couple zips is a popular term you’ll hear in songs and TV shows.
Matchbox: A matchbox was a unit of measurement used when selling marijuana, commonly used in the as far back as the 1950s. The reference comes from how much marijuana can be stuffed inside a large matchbox.
Stick with us on this one. Weed measurements at the lower end of the scale use the metric system, referencing grams, but as the weight moves up measurements switch to ounces. Thanks to our second cousins to the South for that one.
No, not Instagram…. millennials eh? A gram is the lowest amount of weed one can buy online or through a licenced producer. Also known as a dime bag, the costs can vary depending on your source. You can buy a single gram of weed online for as low as $3 dollars or you can purchase a gram through a licensed producer from anywhere between $6-$14. Buying a gram is commonly used when you want to try a new strain to see if it’s right for you, while avoiding buying a bunch of weed you may not like.
An eighth is the most common purchase weed smokers make when shopping for cannabis. When using the term eighth it is in reference to an eighth of an ounce, which is around 3.5 grams. Most people buy an eighth when they purchase weed to last them a week or two to avoid having to make multiple trips to their dispensary or online store. The average cost of an eighth in Canada can vary on the quality of strain. Most online retailers like Haute sell an eighth for as low as $10, where the licenced producers sell an eighth for around $25-$35.
The Quarter is straightforward, meaning a quarter of an ounce or seven grams. Usually the more seasoned smokers buy a quarter and it lasts a week or two. Costs again can vary, Haute sells a quarter for as low as $20 and the licenced producers sell for anywhere between $50-$70.
Half Ounce – Ounce
To round it out you have both a half ounce and an ounce, 14 grams and 28 grams respectively. This is the highest amount you can usually buy at a licenced producer with the average cost between $120-$180 for a half ounce. Online sellers such as Haute sell an ounce for as low as $77. People refer commonly to ounces as Os or Zips as we mentioned before. In Canada, the limit to the amount of grams you can buy is 30. So an ounce is the max you can buy through a licenced Canadian producer. This breaks down to:
When buying weed it is important you get the exact amount you pay for, especially when buying high end expensive products. As part of our weed measurements guide here are some ways you can accurately measure your cannabis so you know you aren’t getting ripped off.
Use a scale
A scale is the most accurate way you can weigh your marijuana to make sure you are getting everything you paid for down to the decimal point. Digital scales with at least 2 decimal points is your best option for weighing cannabis. When using a scale it’s very straight forward, make sure when you turn it on you and the scale reads 0, you can then either set the marijuana directly on the scale or you can put it in a small container and place on the scale. Don’t forget to offset the sale to recognize the weight of the container or else your weight will be inaccurate. Avoid using a kitchen scale to measure your weed due to the fact that they are not very precise compared to a smaller cannabis based scale.
The eyeball method applies more to the seasoned cannabis users. Over time you will be able to recognize the difference between 1 gram or 2 or a eighth vs an quarter. It may not be the most effective way to measure weed, but it can be very handy in a pinch.
The Penny Method
This is more of a creative approach but still effective. Grab a ruler and balance the ruler on you’re your finger, place a penny on one end and your weed on the other. A penny weighs 2.5 grams, which should give you a good jump off point on how much weed you have.
Smart phones are smart for a reason. There are various apps available on the App Store or Play Store that will help with your weighing needs. Though not entirely accurate, it’s still better then nothing.
The measurement of THC content varies among each individual strain, especially when it comes ingesting cannabis using edibles. Continuing with our weed measurements guide we lay out the key factors that play a huge role such as type of product and individual tolerance. Many people don’t know that it’s the combustion of flower cannabis that activates the compounds to feel the effects of being high. When heating flower cannabis a chemical process known as decarboxylation is activated, which then converts a chemical compound into THC.
Smoking VS Eating
When you smoke THC, either through a vape, joint or bong, THC reaches the bloodstream at a fast pace once it’s absorbed by the lungs. When you eat an edible, your liver brakes down THC which is a much slower process.
When you smoke cannabis the effects are felt almost immediately, your body starts to relax, euphoria kicks in and your thoughts become more creative. These effects last for about an hour before they start fade away, this allows for a better understanding of how much you should consume without going overboard. This makes smoking THC a much easier way for controlling THC dosage. Understanding the THC percentage of the particular strain you are smoking is important. If you’re smoking a cannabis strain with a relatively low THC level such as 5%-10% you should be able to ease into the effects and get a better idea of how much you should consume before going overboard. If you are smoking on a potent THC strain with 20%-30% a single toke can cause a strong euphoric effect and may be too much right off the bat.
Edibles are a very different story. Edibles require a longer process to breakdown in your body before you start to feel the effects. Edibles can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours to start to kick in. Once an edible kicks in the length of the high usually lasts for several hours, this makes it extremely easy to over do it on the THC. The same logic surrounding smoking flower and THC levels should be applied to edibles. It's important to note while you read our weed measurements guide that eating an edible with 2-5 mg of THC the effects should be manageable, but if you are eating an edible with 20 plus milligrams you need to be prepared for a strong acting effect to kick in.
When we created out weed measurements guide we wanted to make sure we focused on THC microsdosing. Microdosing is a relatively new form of consuming THC, only hitting the mainstream for the last couple of years. Microdosing is when you take a small amount of cannabis in order to gain the medical benefits of THC while avoiding the psychoactive effects that can interfere with your daily life.
Microdosing is typically associated with hallucinogens like LSD or Magic Mushroom, to help deal with mental health issues such as PTSD and severe depression. Many people are turning to microdosing THC in order to help with conditions such as depression, stress, anxiety, pain, focus, sleep and insomnia. Though more research is needed, people are seeing the value of consuming less THC to deal with their aliments, instead consuming low levels of THC to avoid the negative side effects of consuming too much THC, such as heightened senses and increased nervousness and anxiety.
The recommended dosage for microdosing THC is 5 mg for men and 2-3 mg for women. It is important to know what strain of cannabis you are using. Indicas are associated with a sedative effect, while sativas usually provide an uplifting, energizing effect. There are other factors that should be considered as well such as body type, the time of day day, mood, appetite, tolerance, and sleep habits. It's important when reading our weed measurements guide that your understand that microdosing is very much a trail-and-error approach. It is recommended that you start slow, taking a low dosage for approximately three days then increase if you feel necessary. It is also recommended that those who consume cannabis on a daily basis should refrain for 2 days, which resets your endocannabinoid system (reduces tolerance).
There are various methods of consumption when microdosing, some more effective then others. You can smoke or vape, but it is difficult to control the amount of THC you put into your system. It’s best to start with one puff, wait 5 minutes to feel the effects, then take another is necessary. The most optimal way to microdose is through products such as tinctures, oils or edibles, this allows for a more accurate control of your dosage. Though edibles can be unreliable at times, with untested edibles being unreliable in their THC consistency.
It is also recommended that when you microdose THC it is beneficial to add a similar ratio of CBD with your THC. When CBD and THC are combined there is a longer therapeutic period, which helps reduce the side effects of THC, therefore increasing the benefits of microdosing THC.
As we wrap up our weed measurements guide we should note that microdosing is very much in the infancy stages of research and development and more studies need to be conducted, but with the medical benefits of THC already proven it’s a safe to say microdosing will only grow in popularity as time goes on.
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